The project used innovative and complex numerical modelling to assess potential changes in vibration levels due to the redevelopment of Royal Mail Group buildings next to Paddington Station. The project is the demolition of buildings, and the construction of a 17-storey commercial building resting on a podium which is to be connected, via tunnels, to the Underground station.
The complex nature of the underground rail network, which includes numerous curved tunnels and trains travelling at different speeds, meant that the project presented unprecedented challenges. Cutting-edge vibration modelling techniques were used to investigate how changes to the ground conditions would affect vibration propagation, and advanced the understanding and application of those modelling techniques in the process, in order to apply them to the specific constraints and challenges posed by the project. The approach has been accepted by Westminster City Council (WCC) and can be applied to future projects to identify issues and inform mitigation measures prior to construction, allowing developers and design teams to be proactive with respect to potential vibration impacts.
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The construction of 200m long platform tunnels for two new underground stations – this was the first Crossrail contract to use Sprayed Concrete Lining (SCL) techniques in close proximity to sensitive receptors. The requirement to design mitigation measures to control significant contributions of airborne noise, structure-borne noise, groundborne noise and vibration is considered unprecedented and was closely scrutinised by the Regulatory authorities due to the level of perceived risk at this site.
Challenges included continuing major 24/7 tunnelling and support activities in close proximity to high density residential properties 5m from the site boundary. The main tunnel access and other smaller shaft structures required careful scheduling of any invasive works in and around the shafts. To enable the tunnel spoil removal activities to continue 24/7 it was necessary to design, specify and test massive acoustic enclosures with closable acoustic doors and associated silenced tunnel ventilation systems to fit around the mucking area and spoil transfer area, and ensure the neighbouring concrete batching plant was also highly sound insulated. Together with monitoring equipment suppliers, the consultants deployed web-based noise monitors on this project with innovative, real-time capabilities and audio capture used to distinguish construction noise from other sources and from other neighbouring contractors.
The judges were impressed by the level of mitigation from existing and novel solutions. They recognised the efforts made through the development of empirical correction factors rather than relying on generic figures to predict vibration activities. From the outset, there had been acceptance of the need to address noise issues and this was demonstrated through collaboration with other stakeholders.
As the Project Director, noted: “This included the research, development and successful implementation of prediction tools never before used in such a way, ultimately to the benefit of the local building occupants. This was a multi-faceted acoustical design project in its own right and unusual in the range of noise and vibration issues that required attention at pre-planning stages.”
Planning permission was sought for a residential development on a site adjacent to a sports and social club venue with a long history of noise complaints from existing neighbours relating mainly to entertainment noise. Refusal was initially recommended as the EHO had insisted that appropriate internal noise levels within new dwellings must be achieved with open windows, which would not have been possible. The Client agreed to undertake remedial works on the venue (under a Section 106 agreement) to achieve an appropriate indoor noise level within new dwellings with open windows and thus secure planning permission.
The Local Authority made it clear that a satisfactory acoustic outcome was going to be a key driver in its decision regarding planning permission for the proposed development. The insistence of achieving appropriate indoor noise levels without relying on an alternative means of ventilation to open windows was challenged by the acoustic consultant but the LA would not concede on this issue. The only way to progress was to look at treating the venue rather than the dwellings.
The acoustic consultant liaised between the Client, the Local Authority, club, contractor and existing neighbours. A holistic approach included: benchmark sound insulation testing; enhancing the building envelope; addressing all significant transmission paths for noise out of the building including the provision of acoustic lobbies and enveloping the poorest performing sections in masonry. A bespoke ‘tamper-proof’ sound system to control levels was also included. The acoustic consultants have enabled the existing social club to continue whilst the need for new housing has been met. A good range of acoustic disciplines have been applied along with management of expectations. It is a good illustration of the type of work which ANC member consultancies undertake regularly and shows the range of skills required on a smaller project.
The new Royal Birmingham Conservatoire delivers state of the art, world class instrumental music teaching, rehearsal, performance and recording facilities. Designed to elevate Birmingham City University’s musical educational offering, the aim was for a facility to truly inspire the next generation of the world’s finest Classical and Jazz musicians. Client expectations were high, so this unique and innovative building demanded a ‘tour de force’ in acoustic design, including very high levels of airborne and structure borne sound insulation, varied and exacting room acoustic conditions and ultra-low building services noise. Located on a small parcel of land, adjacent to a dual carriageway, with future proposals for a new tram line, challenges were evident from the outset.
During the tendering process the consultants proposed that, in the interests of the controlling project budget and mitigating design risk, and also in view of the short construction programme for this complex building, they should be retained as overall ‘project acoustician’ representing both client and contractor interests. This helped expedite both the decision making process and the resolution of issues on site, and allowed ultimate control of the acoustic quality of the completed building. This pragmatic agreement between client and contractor was key to the successful completion of the building.
The judges recognised that high profile projects inevitably stand out but this is offset by the high expectations of this project, the existence of multiple venues within the building and a contractual arrangement allowing the acoustician to act for the project as a whole, which all make this unusual. They were pleased to see testimonials from users and that the facilities had been booked for both TV and Radio broadcasts.
The project was a challenging, constrained refurbishment of an existing steel frame building with an existing, retained and reconfigured commercial gym at basement, ground and first floors, and the creation of 49 new luxury apartments. It required the implementation of an isolated box-in-box solution, and whilst that concept had been seen before, the pioneering design approach involved working within the constraints of the existing building to deliver the client’s expectations in terms of sound insulation and acoustic comfort.
Early instruction allowed thorough investigation and identification of the potential acoustic risks associated with the gym’s proposals at the outset. Alterations to the future layout of the gym were not feasible nor would there be any workable restriction on the noise levels generated in the commercial space beyond that already in place. The team eventually agreed to remove the existing second/third floor slab and replace with a two-storey isolated box comprising a 150mm cast-in situ slab. The centralised atrium space, throwing up countless interfacing scenarios and a mixture of existing and new steel frame elements needed to be used to support the box whilst maintaining the isolation of the fabric elements to achieve the required separation. Close collaboration with architect and structural engineers, led to the development of a hanging corbel detail with isolated fixings to maintain the independence of the box.
The judges liked the use of auralisation to establish the extent of the mitigation and identify areas of the building requiring attention. They were impressed by the decision to remove and rebuild the slab and noted that the Architect said: Clarke Saunders’s support has been fundamental to the realisation of a number of extremely challenging architectural ideas – in particular in relation to the ‘box-in-box’ concept which was the key feature of this project.